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Zambia

Zambia (formerly Northern Rhodesia), officially called The Republic of Zambia which is neighbouring with Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Angola. Zambia is a independent republic with the mining industry (copper) as the most important economic factor.
Located in the heart of the South of Africa continent – one of the best safari destinations in South Africa.
If you want to experience the real Africa, Zambia is ‘the place to be’.
Zambia has one of the best wildlife parks of the continent and it is still relatively untouched and it is rated as one of the safest place in the world to travel in the country.
The country has 20 national parks and is also the home of the legendary “Victoria Falls”. With a diversity of more than 740 species of birds, mammals, and 237 in combination with a pristine and diverse landscape, Zambia can be considered as one of the top Safari destinations in Africa.

Languages

The official language of Zambia is English. In Zambia are more than 70 languages (mainly Bantu languages) spoken. By Ohannessian and Kashoki in recent Zambia (1978) (hereafter OKLIZ) is a classification of 15 groups. Seven languages have been given official status by the government. The choice fell on these languages, on the basis of the numbers of first and second-language speakers. Zambia is ethnically very diverse. No one tribe dominates Zambia in terms of either areal extent or population numbers, George Kay wrote in 1967, and in 1978 was still the case according to Kashoki and Ohannessian (OKLIZ p. 24). That makes it very difficult to use any of the indigenous languages as national languages, as this happened in Tanzania and Kenya with Swahili. However, there are major differences between the diffusion of the various languages; This made a choice of seven semi-official languages possible: Bemba, Kaonde, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja and Tonga, where daily each one language takes turn an half-hour television airtime on ZNBC (Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation). The Zambian language “Ila” is one of the 55 languages in which the message was recorded on the Voyager Golden Record.
The role of a number of the native languages has become more important in the course of the years. Bemba and Nyanja example, perform in certain urban areas (resp. Copperbelt and Lusaka) the role of lingua franca, and do sometimes on a larger scale than English. In general, all indigenous languages were more (second language) speakers received an official status by the government.

Language Politics

Language Politics is a complex and also a sensitive issue in many African countries. The first language choice after political independence was mostly used for the (relatively objective) language of the former colonial power, to promote the national unity of the internal and disjointed pending fledgling states. Zambia is no exception. At independence in 1964 was not only chosen English as national language (an obvious choice in a multilingual former British colony with no indigenous lingua franca) but also English as the first and only medium of instruction (not as a subject) in education.
In addition to English as the language of Zambia offered the language policy, the possibility of teaching the semi-seven Zambian languages (as a subject) in officially prescibed regions: Bemba, Kaonde, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja and Tonga. It is also guaranteed in the Constitution of Zambia that “The State Shall take Measures to Promote the practice, enjoyment and development by any person or bedsheets’s culture, tradition, custom and language insofar as thesis are not Inconsistent with this Constitution”(Part 9 Article 112, Paragraph g).

Religion

Zambia is officially a Christian nation according to the 1996 constitution,[40] but a wide variety of religious traditions exist. Traditional religious thoughts blend easily with Christian beliefs in many of the country’s syncretic churches. Christian denominations include: Roman Catholic, Anglican, Pentecostal, New Apostolic Church, Lutheran, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Seventh-day Adventist, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Branhamites, and a variety of Evangelical denominations.

These grew, adjusted and prospered from the original missionary settlements (Portuguese and Catholicism in the east from Mozambique) and Anglicanism (British influences) from the south. Except for some technical positions (e.g. physicians), Western missionary roles have been assumed by native believers. After Frederick Chiluba (a Pentecostal Christian) became President in 1991, Pentecostal congregations expanded considerably around the country.[41] Approximately 87% of the population are Christians. It has one of the largest percentage of Seventh-day Adventist per head in the world, about 1 in 18 Zambians.[42]
1 in 11 Zambians is member of the New Apostolic Church.[citation needed] With membership above 1.200.000 the Zambia district is 3rd large after Congo east and East Africa (Nairobi).[citation needed] The Baha’i population of Zambia is over 160,000,[43] or 1.5% of the population. The William Mmutle Masetlha Foundation run by the Baha’i community is particularly active in areas such as literacy and primary health care. Approximately 1% of the population are Muslims with most living in urban areas and play a large economic role in the country,.[44] They are about 500 people who belong to the Ahmadiyya sect .[45] There is also a small Jewish community, composed mostly of Ashkenazis.

Poverty

According to the Development Program of the United Nations lives in Zambia, 68% of the population below the poverty line. [10]

Administrative divisions

Zambia consists of nine provinces:

Central
Copperbelt
Eastern
Luapula
Lusaka
Northern
North-Western
Southern
Western

Geography

Height borders: Angola 1110 km, Botswana tens of meters, Congo-Kinshasa 1930 km, 837 km Malawi, Mozambique 419 km, Namibia (Caprivi) 233 km, Tanzania 338 km, Zimbabwe 797 km.
coastline: none
Highest point: Mafinga Hills 2301 m.
Lowest point: Zambezi river 329m.
Largest rivers: Zambezi, Kafue, Luangwa
Minerals: coal, silver, copper, zinc, uranium, lead, cobalt

Tourism

Tourism is in Zambia mainly concentrated in the south, around the city of Livingstone. This town is situated on the banks of the Zambezi River near the famous Victoria Falls. Because there are relatively few tourists visit the falls from the Zambian side, here it is much quieter and can enjoy more of the nature. Moreover, the waterfalls of this side are just as beautiful as from the Zimbabwean side. Also, the South Luangwa National Park (near Chipata), you will find a large population of elephants.

Source: Wikipedia